What Is The Best Way To Lay Subway Tiles?

Elegant bathroom featuring herringbone-patterned subway tiles with green foliage accent

Step into any trendy cafe or browse through a home design magazine, and you're bound to encounter the timeless elegance of subway tiles. These rectangular ceramic or porcelain beauties, named for their resemblance to the tiles lining the walls of New York City's subway stations, have transcended their utilitarian origins to become a design staple. Their clean lines and understated charm offer a perfect blend of functionality and aesthetics, making them a popular choice for kitchens, bathrooms, backsplashes, and even laundry rooms. But with a variety of laying patterns to consider, achieving the desired look for your space can feel overwhelming. This comprehensive guide will equip you with the knowledge to navigate the world of subway tile installation. We'll explore the benefits and versatility of subway tiles, delve into the most popular laying patterns and their unique characteristics, and guide you through the factors to consider when making your choice. Whether you're a seasoned DIY enthusiast or planning to hire a professional, this guide will empower you to create a stunning and timeless space with the enduring appeal of subway tiles.


Distressed green subway tiles in a stack bond pattern with rustic stool and towel


Understanding Subway Tiles

While the clean lines and timeless appeal of subway tiles are undeniable, their enduring popularity is also rooted in their technical properties. These rectangular tiles, typically crafted from ceramic or porcelain, offer a winning combination of functionality and aesthetics:

Durability and Longevity

Made from fired clay, subway tiles are incredibly strong and resistant to everyday wear and tear. Porcelain kinds can withstand scratches, chips, and moisture, making them ideal for high-traffic areas like kitchens, bathrooms, laundry rooms, and mudrooms.

Ease of Maintenance

The smooth, non-porous surface of ceramic and porcelain subway tiles makes them a dream to clean. A simple wipe-down with a mild detergent or vinegar solution keeps them looking pristine, minimizing the need for harsh chemicals or laborious scrubbing.

Versatility in Design

Subway tiles transcend specific design styles. Their simple form seamlessly integrates into various aesthetics, from classic and traditional kitchens to modern and minimalist bathrooms. The true magic lies in the way they can be laid out in a multitude of patterns, each creating a distinct visual effect. This guide will explore the most popular laying patterns, allowing you to unlock the design potential of subway tiles for your space.


Compared to other tile options, subway tiles are generally more affordable. This budget-friendly characteristic makes them an attractive choice for homeowners seeking a stylish yet cost-conscious solution.

Variety and Customization

While the classic 3" x 6" size remains popular, subway tiles are now available in a wider range of sizes, from smaller mosaics to larger planks. This allows for greater design flexibility and the ability to create unique visual statements. Additionally, subway tiles come in a diverse range of colors beyond the traditional white. From bold blacks and dramatic blues to playful greens and earthy browns, the color options cater to various design preferences.


Chic kitchen with marble-like subway tiles, navy blue cabinetry, and gold accents


Popular Subway Tile Laying Patterns

Subway tiles offer a blank canvas for creating visual interest and design statements in your space. The magic lies not just in the tiles themselves but in the way they are arranged. Here's a detailed look at some of the most popular subway tile laying patterns, their unique characteristics, and considerations for incorporating them into your project.

Running Bond

The quintessential subway tile pattern, the running bond mimics the classic look of brickwork. It involves laying each row of tiles offset by half the width of a single tile compared to the row below. This creates a staggered appearance with a continuous horizontal line of grout joints.

Timeless Appeal

The running bond pattern offers an enduring aesthetic that transcends fleeting trends. It complements various design styles, from traditional to contemporary, making it a versatile choice for any space.

Suitability for Various Spaces

Due to its classic nature, the running bond pattern works well in kitchens, bathrooms, laundry rooms, and even mudrooms. It provides a clean and balanced look that seamlessly integrates with other design elements.

Ease of Installation

Compared to some more intricate patterns, the running bond is relatively straightforward to install. The repetitive nature minimizes the need for complex cuts and allows for a quicker installation process.

Reminder: Due to the staggered layout and need for cut tiles around the perimeter, running bond installations may generate slightly more grout waste and require some tile cutting compared to simpler patterns. However, the overall installation process remains manageable for most DIY enthusiasts.


Characterized by its distinctive zig-zag formation, the herringbone pattern creates a dynamic and visually striking statement. Tiles are laid at a 45-degree angle, forming interlocking V-shapes that resemble a fishbone pattern. This creates a sense of movement and adds a layer of visual interest to your space.

Unique Aesthetic

The herringbone pattern is a standout choice for those seeking a more distinctive look. Its dynamic nature adds visual interest and can elevate the design of a kitchen backsplash, bathroom shower surround, or even an accent wall.

Modern Appeal

The herringbone pattern aligns well with modern and contemporary design styles. Its clean lines and geometric arrangement evoke a sophisticated and sleek aesthetic.

Suitable for Accent Areas

Due to its visually dominant nature, the herringbone pattern is often best utilized in smaller areas like backsplashes or accent walls. In larger areas, it can become overwhelming, so consider using it strategically.

Reminder: Due to the precise angled cuts and meticulous layout needed to achieve the chevron design, installing a herringbone pattern is more time-consuming and challenging for beginners compared to simpler layouts. For complex applications, consider professional installation to ensure a flawless herringbone masterpiece.

Vertical Stack

Offering a clean and contemporary look, the vertical stack pattern involves stacking tiles vertically, one on top of the other, with minimal grout lines in between. This creates a seamless, columnar effect that emphasizes the verticality of the space.

Contemporary Look

The vertical stack pattern leans towards a modern and minimalist aesthetic. Its clean lines and uninterrupted flow create a sleek and sophisticated visual statement.

Creates Height Illusion

By emphasizing vertical lines, the vertical stack pattern can make ceilings appear higher, making it a clever design trick for rooms with lower ceilings.

Easier Installation

Compared to intricate patterns, the vertical stack is a relatively straightforward installation process. The minimal cutting and repetitive nature can make it a good choice for DIY enthusiasts.

Reminder: The vertical stack pattern's emphasis on vertical lines can be a double-edged sword. While it creates a sense of height in some spaces, it might highlight the narrowness of tight areas. Additionally, the uninterrupted lines can expose imperfections, so ensure smooth walls before installation for a flawless look.


Modern earth-toned subway tile backsplash with eclectic decor and foliage


Other Laying Patterns

The realm of subway tile installation extends beyond the classic patterns. Let's delve into some exciting variations that offer unique aesthetics and design possibilities.

Variations on Running Bond

For a slightly more dynamic look, you can explore variations on the classic offset. The most common is the 1/3 offset, where each row is shifted by one-third the width of a tile instead of half. This creates a more subtle staggered effect compared to the standard running bond. You can even experiment with even smaller offsets like 1/4 or 1/5 for a more intricate look, though these will require more precise cutting and planning.

Diagonal Brick Bond

For a unique and space-altering effect, consider the diagonal brick bond pattern. Here, tiles are laid diagonally at a 45-degree angle, creating a continuous diagonal line of grout joints.

Wider Space Illusion

The diagonal lines can create a visual perception of a wider space, making it a good choice for narrow areas like hallways or galley kitchens.

Dynamic Appeal

The diagonal layout adds a touch of movement and visual interest to your space, breaking away from the conventional horizontal or vertical emphasis.

Reminder: The diagonal brick bond's beauty comes with a challenge: precise corner cuts are needed to maintain the diagonal flow, and like herringbone, requires significant angled cuts throughout, making installation time-consuming and potentially tricky for DIYers.

Vertical Variations

Taking inspiration from the classic running bond but with a vertical twist, vertical variations offer a unique aesthetic. Tiles are stacked vertically, but each row is offset by half the height of a single tile compared to the row below. This creates a subtle yet intriguing staggered appearance with continuous vertical grout lines, adding a textural element that brings depth and visual interest to your space.

Other Creative Patterns

For the truly adventurous, there's a world of less common patterns waiting to be explored. Here are a few examples:

Basket Weave

This intricate pattern involves alternating rows of vertical and horizontal tiles, creating a woven basket-like effect. While visually stunning, it requires precise layout and cutting, making professional installation highly recommended.


Similar to the herringbone but with a pointed V-shape instead of a zig-zag, the chevron pattern offers a bold and dramatic look. It's particularly well-suited for modern or minimalist spaces but requires extensive tile cutting at precise angles.


This creative pattern involves grouping four tiles in a square formation, rotated 45 degrees in alternating directions. It creates a dynamic pinwheel effect that can add a touch of whimsy to a space. However, achieving a clean and balanced layout requires meticulous planning and professional installation is highly recommended.

Remember: When venturing into intricate patterns like basket weave, chevron, or pinwheel, professional installation is crucial to ensure a flawless and visually stunning result. Their complex layouts and precise cutting requirements can be challenging for DIY enthusiasts and even a slight misstep can disrupt the overall design.


Sage green subway tile wall in kitchen with wooden accessories and marble counter


Choosing the Right Laying Pattern

Selecting the perfect subway tile laying pattern can significantly impact the overall aesthetic and functionality of your space. Here's a detailed breakdown of key factors to consider when making your decision:

Space Size and Layout

The size and configuration of your space can play a crucial role in pattern selection. Here are some considerations:

Smaller Spaces

For rooms with lower ceilings or limited square footage, consider vertical patterns like the vertical stack or vertical offset. These patterns emphasize vertical lines, creating an illusion of height and making the space feel more open.

Larger Spaces

In expansive areas, horizontal patterns like the classic running bond or stacked bond can help create a sense of balance and visual grounding. Diagonal brick bond can also be effective in wider spaces, adding a touch of dynamism and visually widening the area.

Shape of the Room

The shape of your room can also influence pattern choice. For long, narrow spaces like hallways, a diagonal brick bond or vertical pattern can help visually widen the area. In rooms with awkward angles or odd protrusions, consider a simpler pattern like the running bond or stacked bond to avoid drawing attention to the irregularities.

Overall Design Style

Subway tiles, with their clean lines and timeless appeal, can seamlessly integrate with various design styles. Choosing the right laying pattern can elevate your design concept and add a unique touch to your space. Here's a breakdown of how subway tile patterns can complement different design aesthetics:

Classic and Traditional

For timeless elegance, classic patterns like the clean and balanced running bond, ideal for traditional kitchens and bathrooms, or the stacked bond, offering a modern twist with continuous vertical grout lines, are perfect choices. The vertical stack pattern, with its uninterrupted lines, evokes sophistication and formality, ideal for powder rooms or butler's pantries.

Modern and Contemporary

Modern and contemporary design thrives on clean lines, geometric shapes, and a touch of drama. Achieve this aesthetic with subway tiles! Herringbone's zig-zag adds dynamic flair, while chevron's pointed V-shape offers a bold statement. Break away from the horizontal and vertical with diagonal brick bond for a modern twist in kitchens, hallways, or anywhere you crave a touch of the unexpected.


Minimalist design thrives on clean lines and functionality, making subway tiles a perfect choice. For a touch of clean simplicity, consider the vertical stack pattern with its uninterrupted lines, ideal for minimalist kitchens and bathrooms. The stacked bond offers a similar minimalist aesthetic with a subtle horizontal flow, creating a seamless look in minimalist spaces.

Rustic or Farmhouse

For a rustic or farmhouse touch, consider a staggered brick bond pattern with wider grout lines. Paired with matte-finish subway tiles and warm-toned grout, this creates a unique textural element that enhances the farmhouse aesthetic.

Remember, these are just some general guidelines. Don't be afraid to experiment and explore creative combinations to achieve your desired design vision. Unsure how a particular pattern might look in your space? Our AR visualization tool can help! See the subway tiles come to life on your wall, experiment with different laying patterns, and find the perfect fit for your design dreams.

Grout Color

Often overlooked, grout color plays a surprisingly significant role in the overall aesthetic of your subway tile installation. It can define the pattern, create a sense of spaciousness, or add a touch of drama. Let's delve into how grout color selection can influence the look and feel of your final design.

Contrasting Grout

A grout color that stands out against the subway tiles creates a bolder definition of the chosen laying pattern. This is particularly effective for highlighting the geometric features of patterns like the classic running bond or herringbone.

Dark grout on light-colored tiles creates a high-contrast appearance, making each individual tile a distinct visual element. This approach works well for larger spaces or those with ample natural light, as it can add a touch of visual busyness in smaller areas.

For a more nuanced contrast, consider using a grout color that complements the shade of your subway tiles. For example, a deep charcoal grout can beautifully complement cool-toned gray tiles, while a warm beige grout can enhance the warmth of cream-colored subway tiles. This approach adds subtle definition to the pattern without overwhelming the eye.

Matching Grout

Grout that closely matches the color of your subway tiles creates a more unified and seamless look. In compact areas like bathrooms or powder rooms, matching grout helps minimize visual clutter and creates a sense of spaciousness. The uninterrupted flow of color from tile to grout makes the room feel larger and less visually busy.

When using intricate patterns like basket weave or pinwheel, matching grout allows the texture and design of the tiles to take center stage. A contrasting grout color might compete with the pattern itself, creating a visually overwhelming effect. Matching grout ensures the overall design remains balanced and cohesive.

Grout Width

Beyond its aesthetic appeal, grout width plays a surprisingly significant role in the overall functionality and visual weight of your subway tile installation. This section delves into how varying grout widths can influence the look and feel of your tiled space.

Thicker Grout

Wider grout lines, typically ranging from 1/8 inch to 3/16 inch, create a more rustic or industrial feel. They soften the clean lines of the subway tiles and de-emphasize the laying pattern itself. This approach works well with larger format subway tiles and complements design styles that lean towards a vintage or farmhouse aesthetic.

Thinner Grout

Narrower grout lines, typically ranging from 1/16 inch to 1/8 inch, create a sleeker and more modern look. They allow the chosen laying pattern to take center stage and highlight the geometric arrangement of the tiles. This approach is ideal for smaller format subway tiles and complements contemporary or minimalist design styles.

Matching the Pattern to the Tile

The size and texture of your chosen subway tiles can also influence the suitability of certain patterns. For instance, intricate patterns like basket weave or chevron might be overwhelming with very small mosaic tiles. Conversely, large format subway tiles might not translate well to a classic running bond pattern, as the grout lines could become too dominant. Consider the scale and texture of your tiles when finalizing your pattern selection.

Professional vs. DIY Installation

Subway tile installation can be a rewarding DIY project, particularly for simpler patterns like the running bond or stacked bond. However, more intricate patterns like herringbone, basket weave, or chevron require precise cutting and meticulous planning. Here's a breakdown of the pros and cons of each approach:

Professional Installation

Professional installation offers expertise for flawless results, saves you time and effort, and provides peace of mind with industry-standard work. However, this convenience comes at an additional cost to your project budget.

DIY Installation

While DIY subway tile installation offers the satisfaction of a self-completed project and allows for creative control over the pattern, it requires a significant time commitment. For intricate designs, a lack of experience and tile-cutting skills can lead to wasted materials and potential errors like uneven grout lines or cracked tiles. If budget is a major concern, DIY might be a good option, but weigh it against the potential drawbacks for a complex project.

Ultimately, the decision between professional and DIY installation depends on your budget, comfort level with tile work, and the complexity of your chosen pattern. For simpler patterns and a strong DIY spirit, tackling the project yourself can be a rewarding experience. However, for intricate patterns or if you lack experience, professional installation ensures a high-quality and aesthetically pleasing outcome.


Glossy white subway tiles with a marble ledge showcasing designer toiletry bottles


Maintenance and Cleaning

Ceramic and porcelain subway tiles are renowned for their low-maintenance nature, but proper cleaning ensures they retain their beauty and functionality for years to come. Here's a breakdown of essential cleaning practices specifically for these types of subway tiles and their grout:

Cleaning Subway Tiles

Maintaining the pristine look of your subway tiles is surprisingly simple! This section offers a helpful guide to keeping your tiled surfaces sparkling clean, ensuring your beautiful subway tile installation continues to be a focal point in your space for years to come.

Regular Wipe Downs

For routine cleaning, a simple wipe-down with a damp microfiber cloth is sufficient for most situations. Microfiber cloths effectively trap dirt and dust without scratching the tile surface.

Weekly Deep Clean

For a more thorough clean, consider a weekly wipe-down with a solution of warm water and a mild dish soap. This tackles everyday grime and soap scum buildup. Apply the cleaning solution with a damp cloth, wipe clean the tiles, and then follow with a final rinse using a clean, damp microfiber cloth to remove any soap residue.

Dealing with Stains

For tougher stains or occasional grease splatters, a vinegar solution can be a natural and effective cleaning agent. Mix equal parts white vinegar and water in a spray bottle. Apply the solution to the stained area, let it sit for a few minutes to loosen the grime, and then scrub gently with a soft-bristled brush. Rinse thoroughly with clean water and dry with a microfiber cloth.

Reminder: These cleaning recommendations are intended for ceramic and porcelain subway tiles. Subway tiles made from other materials may require different cleaning procedures and solutions. Always consult the manufacturer's recommendations.

Important Considerations

Grout, being a more porous material, requires slightly different cleaning techniques than the tiles themselves. Refer to the following tips for keeping your grout looking fresh:

Cleaning Grout

For routine maintenance, you can use the same mild dish soap solution used for cleaning the tiles. For deeper cleaning or tackling mildew or mold growth in grout lines, a paste made from baking soda and water can be effective. Apply the paste to the grout lines, let it sit for 15-20 minutes, and then scrub gently with a soft-bristled brush. Rinse thoroughly with clean water and allow the area to dry completely.

Grout Sealant (Optional)

For areas prone to moisture or frequent splashes, such as shower walls, consider applying a grout sealant after the grout has completely cured (typically 24-48 hours after installation). This creates a protective barrier that helps repel water, soap scum, and mildew growth, making future cleaning and maintenance even easier. Always check the sealant manufacturer's instructions for compatibility.


Subway tiles offer a timeless and versatile design element that can elevate the aesthetics of your space. With their durability, ease of maintenance, and vast array of laying patterns to choose from, subway tiles cater to a wide range of design preferences. By understanding the factors discussed in this guide, such as space size, design style, grout color and width, and your personal taste, you can select the perfect laying pattern to transform your space. Remember, professional installation can ensure a flawless and long-lasting result, especially for intricate patterns. So, unleash your creativity, explore the possibilities, and embark on your subway tile journey!

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